United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions responsible for global warming. Adopted during the 3rd session of the UNFCCC in Kyoto, Japan. The protocol established binding emission reduction commitments for industrialized countries.
United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen brought together world leaders to discuss a Post-Kyoto Protocol agreement, strengthening the recognition of the need to address climate change and laying the foundation for the Paris Agreement.
10th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD in Nagoya, Japan, resulted in the adoption of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. This plan established a set of ambitious objectives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity on a global scale.
From May 29 to June 1, 2011, at the initiative of the President of the Republic of Congo, the first Summit of the Three Tropical Forest Basins was held in Brazzaville. It resulted in the Declaration of the Summit of the Three Tropical Forest Basins, which recognizes the need to establish a platform to promote cooperation among the countries of the three basins, in consultation with relevant regional organizations (ASEAN, COMIFAC, OTCA).
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change, adopted on December 12, 2015, at the conclusion of the COP21 negotiations, is a significant step in the fight against global warming. Adopted by 196 Parties, its main goal is to keep “the increase in global average temperature well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels” and to continue efforts “to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.”
African Heads of State and Government decided in November 2016, on the sidelines of COP22, at the initiative of His Majesty Mohammed VI, King of Morocco, to create three commissions, including the Congo Basin Climate Commission, chaired by His Excellency Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President of the Republic of Congo. The President of the Republic of Congo proposed the creation of a Blue Fund for the Congo Basin to mobilize financial resources for the implementation of programs and projects contributing to sustainable development and the promotion of the blue economy.
First edition of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). The IPBES report on the state of global biodiversity highlights that up to a million animal and plant species could be threatened with extinction.
United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, expected to take stock of the progress made since the Paris Agreement and strengthen countries’ commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The Sharm El Sheikh and Kunming-Montreal agreements have given responsibility and legitimacy to the three global forest and biodiversity ecosystems, Amazon – Congo – Borneo Mekong – Southeast Asia, to define and implement the operational roadmap for the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030.
Twelve years after the first summit, the Congo Basin has been structured through a Permanent Secretariat, entrusted to Her Excellency Arlette Soudan-Nonault, Congolese Minister of Environment, Sustainable Development, and the Congo Basin. In line with the spirit of this first Summit and on the occasion of COP27, President of the Republic of Congo Denis Sassou-Nguesso called for the establishment of the Summit of the Coalition of the Three Basins, Biodiversity Ecosystems, and Tropical Forests, whose main objective will be to ensure global governance of conservation policies, cooperation, and financing for the ecological and climate lung of the planet.
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